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Unemployment Insurance UAE Overview

Overview Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E.

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Legal Authorities 

1.   U.A.E. Federal Decree Law No. 13 of 2022 re: Insurance for Unemployment (“Main Law”)

2.   U.A.E. Ministerial Decision No. 604 of 2022, re the System for Unemployment Insurance (“Ministerial Decision”) further clarifying certain aspects of the law. 

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Effective Dates

o   Main Law came into effect on September 29, 2022.

o   Ministerial Decision, dated November 30, 2022, became effective on December 15, 2022.

o   Insurance implementation commencement date is January 1, 2023.

o   Deadline for compliance (subscription) – June 30, 2023, after which penalties will apply.

o   Employees employed after January 1, 2023, must register within 4 months from: 1) entering the U.A.E.; OR 2) from change of status; OR 3) final approval of work permit.  (Article 11, Ministerial Resolution).

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Objectives

1)    Ensure income during unemployment;

2)    provide social security; and

3)    continue to attract and retain world’s best talent to the country.

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | General Guidelines

o   Obligation of employees, not employers.

o   Although companies can offer this as benefit for their employees. 

o   Mandatory, not optional. 

o   Suspension of work permit in the event of non-compliance (Ministerial Decision, Article 10). 

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Compensation Scheme

o   Temporary compensation during unemployment. 

o   Maximum insurance compensation is for 3 months of unemployment.

o   Up to 60% of monthly salary. 

o   Eligibility after 1 year of paying into the scheme. 

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Insurance Subscription Fees
(Article 3, Ministerial Decision)

o   Those who earn less than AED 16,000.00 – AED 5/month.

o   Those whose basic salary is above AED 16,000 – at AED 10.00/month. 

o   Commission basis employees – can choose category of insurance they wish to opt-in for. 

o   Average of monthly salary over last 6 months to be used as a base.

Subscription fee can be paid: 1) monthly; 2) quarterly; 3) bi-annually; or 4) annually. (Article 5, Ministerial Resolution)

UAE Unemployment Insurance UAE

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Applicability and Exceptions

o   Unemployment insurance is available for employees of:

§  public sector

§  private sector  

o   Exclusions:

1)    part time employees

2)    owners of businesses

3)    investors

4)    domestic workers

5)    minors below 18

6)    retirees

o   Other Exclusions

§  Free zone employees (for the time being)

§  Employees terminated for gross misconduct

§  Employees who resign

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Insurance Provider

(Article 2, Ministerial Decision)

o   For now, in Dubai, Dubai Insurance Company is main provider of the Unemployment Insurance, https://www.dubins.ae/en/.

o   Ministry (MOHRE) can license other insurance companies.

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Payment of the Subscription Fee (Article 4, Ministerial Decision)

1)    insurance provider’s website;

2)    insurer’s mobile application;

3)    insurer’s call center;

4)    business centers approved by the Ministry;

5)    ATMs and Kiosks, set by the insurer, and in coordination with MOHRE;

6)    exchange houses; and

7)    SMS.

UAE Unemployment Insurance UAE

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Obligation to Pay
(Article 6, Ministerial Decision)  

o   Failure to pay for more than 3 months – terminates insurance policy.

o   Financial penalty imposed for non-compliance. 

o   In the event of a Court case, subscription must continue until work permit is cancelled, or employment ends.

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Submission of a Claim
(Article 7, Ministerial Decision)

o   Claim for coverage to be submitted within 30 days from termination of employment. 

o   Reason mentioned in work permit cancellation (termination or resignation) will be used by insurer. 

o   Insurance provider must pay compensation within 2 weeks of application.

o   In the event of court case, final court judgment must be submitted in request for compensation, within 30 days of judgment.

o   Upon receipt of maximum compensation, employee must re-subscribe for another 12 months before becoming eligible again.

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Penalties for Non-Compliance

(Article 9, Ministerial Decision)

o   Failure to subscribe by June 30, 2023 – subject to AED 400.00 fine.

o   Failure to pay within 3 months – subject to AED 200.00 penalty. 

o   Failure to pay penalty within 3 months:

§  Deduction of fine by MOHRE from salary through WPS, or from end of service.

§  Suspension by MOHRE of issuance of new work permits (Article 10, Ministerial Resolution). 

Unemployment Insurance in the U.A.E. | Grace Period to Subscribe

(Article 11)

However, for employees who have been employed after January 1, 2023, must register within four months from: 1) when they entered the U.A.E. with the employment entry permit; OR 2) from the change of status; OR 3) the final approval of the work permit issuance for employees who do not need a change of status.



Unemployment Insurance UAE | FAQs

At the moment the Dubai Insurance Company is appointed as the provider of the UAE Unemployment Insurance. It is compulsory for both working residents and nationals. 

No. The Unemployment Insurance UAE is mandatory for the employees and not the employers. 

The following are the list of categories who are exempted from applying for the Unemployment Insurance in the UAE.

Part-time employees, owners of businesses, investors, domestic workers, minors below 18 and retirees. 

Other exclusions include: 

  • Free zone employees (for the time being)
  • Employees terminated for gross misconduct
  • Employees who resign
  •  

Presently in Dubai, the Dubai Insurance Company is the main provider of the Unemployment Insurance. 

Yes.

  • If you fail to subscribe by June 30, 2023 – you will be subjected to AED 400 fine.
  • If you fail to pay within 3 months, you will be subjected to AED 200 fine. 
  • If you fail to pay penalty within 3 months:
    -MOHRE will deduct the fine through your salary via WPS or from end of service. 
    -MOHRE will suspend the issuance of new work permits.

Yes. You will not be able to claim for the Unemployment Insurance Scheme if you resign or get terminated from the company due to misconduct. 

June 30th, 2023 is the deadline set for the UAE employees to register for the Unemployment Insurance Scheme.