Wage Protection System for UAE Domestic Workers
I. Relevant Legislation
– Federal Decree-Law No. 9 of 2022 Concerning Domestic Workers;
– Cabinet Resolution No. 106 of 2022 Concerning the Executive Regulations to Federal Decree-Law No. 9 of 2022 Concerning Domestic Workers;
– Cabinet Resolution No. 675 of 2022 on Payment of Some Domestic Workers’ Salaries though the Wage Protection System.
II. Scope of Application
The Wage Protection System, as is relevant to U.A.E. Domestic Workers, does not apply to all categories of domestic workers. Notably, it excludes categories such as housekeepers, nannies, and gardeners. Specifically, it is only applicable to those who fall within the following five (5) categories:
1) Private agricultural engineers;
2) Private tutors;
3) Personal Trainers;
4) Home nurses;
5) Personal Assistants.
However, as a measure of protection, and as per Article 5 of the new U.A.E. domestic workers law, Federal Decree-Law No. 9 of 2022 Concerning Domestic Workers, licensed recruitment agencies are obligated to provide all employers of domestic workers in any category, with a booklet of wage receipts or any document to prove payment of wages.
Employers of the above-mentioned 5 categories of domestic workers in the U.A.E. are exempt from paying domestic worker salaries through the WPS in the following cases:
1) If the U.A.E. domestic worker has a pending employment complaint, and does not work for the employer;
2) If there is a report of absence from work against the U.A.E. domestic worker;
3) If the U.A.E. domestic worker is newly employed; during the first 30 days of their employment.
IV. WPS Requirements
– January 1, 2023: Employers of domestic workers in the U.A.E. have the option to register on the WPS;
– April 1, 2023: Employers required to register and pay U.A.E. domestic worker salaries.
– Salaries for a specific month are due on the first day of the following month. And, are considered late if they have not been paid through WPS within one month of the due date.
– An employer is considered to have fulfilled the WPS requirement if they have paid 80% of more of the domestic worker’s salary through the WPS system. However, if the employer has paid 75-79% of the U.A.E. domestic worker’s salary, they must submit a supporting document justifying the salary deduction (Article 3)
V. Supervisory Authority
– Starting in February, and at the start of every month, MOHRE is tasked with notifying and warning employers about the importance of registering in the WPS.
– On the 2nd and 8th day from the salary due date, MOHRE is also tasked with notifying and warning employers about the importance of paying the relevant domestic worker salaries through WPS.
– If any U.A.E domestic worker’s salary has not been paid within 2 months of the due date, the employer’s file is suspended until the salary is paid. For those U.A.E. domestic workers subject to WPS, the payment must be made through WPS. This prevents the employer from recruiting, or hiring any additional domestic workers.
– Employers of U.A.E. domestic workers who fall within the 5 categories who fail to register on the WPS will be fined AED 100.00 per domestic worker.
WPS for Domestic Workers UAE - FAQs
The U.A.E. Wages Protection System was developed by the U.A.E. Central Bank. The aim of this system is to ensure that employees are paid their salaries timely as per their employment contract.
Yes. The Wage Protection System, as is relevant to U.A.E. Domestic Workers, however, does not apply to all categories of domestic workers. Notably, it excludes categories such as housekeepers, nannies, and gardeners.
Yes, as per Ministerial Resolution No. 788 of 2009, at least 80% of the total monthly salaries should be transferred through UAE WPS each month.
Yes. On January 18, 2023, the DMCC Dubai announced that it would be implementing the U.A.E. Wages Protection System (WPS), for employees. Click here to learn more.
The UAE WPS is only applicable 5 categories of domestic workers. These include the following:
- Private agricultural engineers;
- Private tutors;
- Personal Trainers;
- Home nurses;
- Personal Assistants.